Fruit: Grape Seed Extract


GrapeSeedGrape Seed Extract

The grape has a long history of medicinal uses. Ancient Egyptians treated asthma with grapes. More recently, sap from grape branches was used to treat skin issues and scrapes.

The seeds inside grapes used to be considered the worthless by-product of wine production. In the past, they were thrown out as waste. Come to find out, the seeds are extremely valuable. Instead of getting rid of them, grape seeds are in demand to create the extract. Because, let’s face it, eating fruit seeds is not enjoyable and it’s difficult for the body to digest.

Modern medicine has found benefits in grape seeds and red wines. Research suggests that wine has protective ingredients. These include resveratrol and certain tannins. Proanthocyanidin, a compound found in the seed of grapes, may also be protective like red wine.

Grape seed extract (GSE) is made from the crushed seeds of grape plants. It contains proanthocyanidin. This is a phenolic chemical belonging in the larger group of plant phytochemicals. They are called flavonoids. Specifically, it belongs to a subgroup of tannins. Proanthocyanidin may protect the blood vessels and cardiovascular system. It does this by stopping the breakdown of collagen. This reduces the risk of a heart attack and stroke. It may also have an antioxidant effect. This may lower the risk of certain cancers.

Grape seed extract is used to treat heart issues. These include atherosclerosis.

Medicinal Claims

The tannins in grape seed extract are active antioxidants and antimutagenics. Because of this, grape seed extract may protect the lining of blood vessels and other tissues from damage. Grape seed extract may protect from damage from free radicals, oxidized LDLs, and other harmful parts of metabolism.

Grape seed extract is said to reduce the production of histamine. This may reduce the severity of nasal allergies. It may also reduce the premature destruction of vitamin C. Grape seed extract may also act as a smooth muscle relaxant in blood vessels.

Studies, such as this one, have found that grape seed extract may help symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency. This is when veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart. Grape seed extract may also reduce leg swelling (edema).

Possible Benefits

RADICAL SCAVENGING PROPERTIES: These polyphenols are believed to be effective in neutralizing singlet oxygen radicals that contribute to inflammations in your body.  They also aid in improving Vitamin C activity, protecting you from bacteria, viruses and other chronic illnesses.

REDUCES RISK OF CLOGGED ARTERIES: Although it’s not advocated by all health organizations, the famous “French Paradox” states how the French are protected from the risks of heart disease for drinking wine. However, it’s the flavonoids (the most common group of polyphenolic compounds) in grapes that positively affect your body and not the alcohol in wines. Flavonoids are believed to lower the bad cholesterol in your body.

HELPS CONTROL BLOOD PRESSURE: More research on grape seed extract’s medicinal properties keeps piling up as researchers discover ways to control hypertension. Studies revealed the relatively high concentrations of oligomeric procyanidins (class of flavonoids) in grape seed extract caused the relaxation of arteries, and blood vessels, thereby controlling blood pressure.

AIDS IN REDUCING EDEMA: Grape seed extract apparently aids in reducing the swelling (edema) caused by injuries and surgical operations. Studies revealed how patients who went through surgery and took grape seed extract showed very little signs of swelling. Researchers also found links between GSE and inhibiting the growth of tumors.

AIDS OTHER CONDITIONS: There are other ways in which grape seed extract can benefit you. If you have diabetes, you might find grape seed extract useful. It’s purported to aid in controlling blood sugar levels. Other conditions it may be helpful in are hemorrhoids and more.

ANTI-AGING: Did you know that among all the benefits above, grape seed extract also improves the health of your skin? It has light, small molecules that are easily absorbed by the skin. That’s right: topical application of grape seed extract allows it to take effect quickly and efficiently. GSE acts as an alpha hydroxy acid (compounds used in skincare preparations due to its exfoliating properties), so it can improve your skin in various ways.

IMPROVES SKIN’S ELASTICITY: Polyphenols are also known to be excellent binders of collagen fibers, improving the condition of connective tissues, and overall maintaining the elasticity of your skin, joints, arteries, and other connective tissues.

BOOSTS WOUND HEALING: The alpha hydroxy acid in grape seed extract improves the moisture barrier of your skin cells. This helps cells to retain moisture for a fresh, dewy appearance. Consequently, applying topical cream with GSE makes the wounds heal faster and scars can be reduced.

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL PROPERTIES: The seeds also contains a compound called resveratrol. Resveratrol is praised for its anti-inflammatory properties, which makes GSE a great help in reducing swelling caused by dermatitis, infections, cuts, and excessive exposure to the sun’s rays. Additionally, it exhibits antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Supplement Suggestions

When buying GSE supplement, read the label carefully and make sure it contains 80 percent proanthocyanidins. This level guarantees the supplement will stimulate body activities that will result in antioxidant behavior.

Take GSE supplement with other vitamins or supplements because it works well with other natural supplements and vitamins. For instance, Vitamin C and Vitamin E improve the absorption of grape seed extract. Also, Vitamin E’s healthy and beauty benefits boost when taken with antioxidants.

The recommended daily dose of GSE for adults is 150 to 300mg per day. It is suggested to consume the dose on a regular basis so your body can adapt to its regular absorption.

As always, check with your medical professional before you add any supplement to your daily routine.

Further Reading You May Want to Check Out

Shi J, Yu J, Pohorly J, Kakuda Y. Polyphenolics in Grape Seeds—Biochemistry and Functionality. Journal of Medicinal Food. 2003;6(4):291-299. doi:10.1089/109662003772519831.

Viniculture and Grape Growing. Professional Friends of Wine Website.

Grape Seed Extract | NCCIH. NCCIH. 2016.

Fennell J. The Tropical Grape. – History. georgianwinegovge. 2014.

All About Greek Wine: History. Allaboutgreekwinecom. 2010.

El-Beshbishy H, Mohamadin A, Abdel-Naim A. In Vitro Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activities of Grape Seed (Vitis vinifera) Extract, Blackseed (Nigella sativa) Extract and Curcumin. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2009;4(1):23-35. doi:10.1016/s1658-3612(09)70078-2.

Shi J, Yu J, Pohorly J, Kakuda Y. Polyphenolics in Grape Seeds—Biochemistry and Functionality. Journal of Medicinal Food. 2003;6(4):291-299. doi:10.1089/109662003772519831.

Shi J, Yu J, Pohorly J, Kakuda Y. Polyphenolics in Grape Seeds—Biochemistry and Functionality. Journal of Medicinal Food. 2003;6(4):291-299. doi:10.1089/109662003772519831.

Rahman K. Studies on free radicals, antioxidants, and co-factors. Cline Interv Aging. 2007 Jun; 2(2): 219–236.

Scalbert A, Johnson IT, Saltmarsh M. Polyphenols: antioxidants and beyond. Am J Clin Nutr. January 2005. vol. 81 no. 1 215S-217S.

Jain P. Beauty recipes: Why grape seed oil is the next coconut oil. The Beauty Gypsy.

Ganceviciene R, Liakou A, Theodoridis A, Makrantonaki E, Zouboulis C. Skin anti-aging strategies. Dermato-Endocrinology. 2012;4(3):308-319. doi:10.4161/derm.22804.

Wagner H. Grape Seed Extract Help Speed Up Wound Recovery, Study Suggests. Researchnewsosuedu. 2002. 

Benefit of Grape Seed Extract. Benefits-of-resveratrolcom. 2016. 

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